In this month's PAC-UK guest blog birth mother Jill and her son Ian who was adopted provide a side by side account of their experiences and reunion. A huge thank you from all at PAC-UK to Jill and Ian for sharing their personal journeys in this guest blog.

I was born on 15 December 1967, placed in foster care on 24 December and formally adopted three months after my birth.

The fact that my brother and I were both adopted was a secret outside our immediate family. Being adopted was a huge issue for me growing up and something I was really very confused about. As it was secret, I did not feel I could talk about it and a part of me that felt I was living a lie. I felt there was a huge difference between me and my friends and their families.

I was twenty-seven when I started tracing my birth mother, recovering from alcohol addiction, and part of my recovery process was a need to resolve issues arising from my adoption. All my life I had wondered where I came from. The need to know about my birth mother was all-consuming. I needed to find out the truth and was prepared to deal with whatever consequences the search unearthed. I approached the social welfare agency in New Zealand (my parents had emigrated when I was six), who put me in touch with Jigsaw Adoption UK and discovered that my birth mother had left a letter for me on my eighteenth birthday.

Within a week or two, I had received my birth mother’s letter. It was amazing to read, very brief and let me know that she was willing to be contacted. That first step in the process was fiercely emotional and – in a way – very frightening. Something that I had been carrying around for twenty-seven years was suddenly real. I had my birth mother’s details and address. I wrote back stating who I was and that I would be willing and happy for her to reply if she welcomed it. At that point I was trying to keep myself safe. Making that first contact put me in a very vulnerable place. For any adoptee – who feels, for whatever reason, rejected at birth – there is a significant risk of facing rejection again.  It was a big call for me.

I received a beautiful letter from my birth mother - she had longed to hear from me, she welcomed the relationship and basically, it was an open door. We wrote letters to one another constantly for several months. The first time we met in person, about six months later, was one of the most amazing experiences of my life. It was indescribable – all I can say is that it was a life changing moment for me.

Our reunion brought up many difficult and uncomfortable feelings for us and our families. My parents believed that there would never be any contact with my birth mother after the adoption was formalised. They were not at fault at all – but this was not what they had signed up for. They gave me all the information they could, but I knew that they did not really want me to find my birth mother and it was hugely difficult for them to comprehend and assess the situation. As an adoptee, you know that the very fact that you were conceived was a problem and you feel that you should be grateful to your adoptive parents. When you search for your birth parents, it is like flying in the face of the gratitude that you are supposed to feel.

I went ahead anyway because I needed to do so for my own survival; in order to be at peace with myself. There was certainly a period of time when this made my relationship with my parents very strained and there was a lot of angst.

Over time, things have got easier for everyone. I think it was helpful that I live in New Zealand.  When we were first reunited, it was before email was widely used. There was therefore a time-lag between our letters and conversations and the process was slowed down by the fact that we had to travel to the other side of the world in order to meet.  It gave us more time to adjust.

Fairly early on in our correspondence, I learnt about the circumstances of my adoption. My birth mother was forced to give me up on Christmas Eve. It is a very sad story. I wonder about her parents, who I never met, and what advice they were offered or given in that tough era. Some of the things that I have learnt about how my birth mother was treated are atrocious for what they say about her value as a young, pregnant and unmarried woman at that time. It makes me very angry to know, and also to imagine what life I might have had if young mothers had been supported.  I can’t have another life and we can’t turn back the clock; we are never going to be able to catch up on the lost years.  I am not complaining about how my life has been, I have been very lucky but at the same time, I feel like I have lived a pseudo-life.

In my working life, I have worked as an education advisor with a focus on managing risk for children with severe behavioural difficulties and mental and physical disabilities. I have therefore seen the clear trajectories that many adopted people end up following. These days it is widely acknowledged that adoption itself has a roll-on effect on adopted people, for instance a higher prevalence of adopted people suffer from vulnerabilities such as drug dependency and alcohol addiction, self-harm and suicide.

I have suffered from attachment disorder, which can develop as a result of trauma in early life. For most of my childhood I was hugely anxious, confused, shy and quite emotionally unstable. I am not blaming all of my subsequent problems on my adoption but I am certain there is a connection. In my experience, personal and professional, adoptees are a hugely at risk group of people – whether on the path to reunion or spending a lot of energy and angst suppressing that part of oneself. Once a person starts searching for their birth parents, there are so many emotional hooks. I strongly believe there is an enormous amount of work to be done in this area to support adopted people, as well as birth mothers. It is still really hard for birth mothers and adoptees to feel able to talk about the adoption, reunion or not, and must be a very clear process for a person to get support.

I know that my birth mother has found her involvement in a birth mother’s group (supported by PAC-UK) very helpful. There is no question that specialist input and counselling is needed but there can also be huge strength from peer support. One of the main reasons I wanted to be able to contribute to this blog, is to emphasise the silenced voices of adoptees. The adopted person has the least amount of say in the process. The consequences of forced adoption for adoptees is something I think should be publically acknowledged.


I am a birth mother whose son was taken for adoption in 1967 at a time when adoption practices were very different from those of today.

I had not been a victim of domestic violence, nor had my son been neglected, or abused, no drug or alcohol issues. My only ‘sin’ was to be a 17 year old single mother.

There was no support for me and I had no choice in the matter. I grieved for him over all the missing years until he contacted me 27 years later.

Historically adoption procedures required adoptive parents to give the child a new name, a new identity, no information about the birth family, and in many cases to keep adoption secretive. This was my son’s experience and it served him very poorly.

On our reunion I was extremely sad to hear of his negative perception, although I am pleased to say that our reunion has been a very joyful, emotional and healing experience for us all.

I have in the past mentored contemporary birth mothers and I currently sit on one of Leeds Social Services adoption panels therefore I am aware of the all too familiar plight of today’s birth families, where domestic violence, abuse, alcohol and drugs often play a big part in their chaotic and unsafe lifestyles.

Birth mothers in particular are very often demonised by society but despite this they will remain a very important figure in their children’s lives. A birth mother is a mother for life, whether or not she is able to parent her child.

I am greatly encouraged by present-day practices: keeping the child’s birth name enables that child to retain its identity from birth; life story work will explain its heritage to even a very young child; letter-box contact enables the link between birth and adoptive families to be maintained, and adoption leave in the first year of placement allows time for bonding for both parents and child. 

I don’t see adoption as the often quoted ‘triangle’, referring to the child, birth family, and adoptive family, because it also includes social workers putting into practice current legislation and recommendations. When it comes to thinking about adoption I believe all involved are a team.

A child is a whole person therefore adoption has to be approached in a holistic manner and each and every one of us – birth family, adoptive family, and social workers have a lifetime responsibility to that child.

As a birth mother separated from my child I always felt I was responsible for having brought him into the world and for whatever happened to him in his life.

This will no doubt also be true of today’s generation of birth mothers, and regardless of the circumstances of the adoption many, like me, will experience a reunion at some time in the future.

Hopefully for all concerned they will discover that because of today’s very good adoption practices their children will not have had the same issues my son had to deal with. I certainly hope so!

Jill @JillKillington

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Is your child no longer with you or is there a chance this may happen? Free advice and support for birth mothers, fathers and relatives. For more information please visit our First Family Service page.

PAC-UK's Adult Counselling Service provides support for adults adopted as children, and for adults otherwise permanently placed as children. For more information please visit our Adopted Adult Support page.

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